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wheat grain silo


A wheat grain silo warehouse is a specialized storage facility for storing wheat. It’s typically a building or container used to store wheat grains

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wheat grain silo Introduction

A wheat grain silo warehouse is a specialized storage facility for storing wheat. It’s typically a building or container used to store wheat grains, protecting them from moisture, pests, and other contaminants to ensure the quality and shelf life of the wheat. wheat grain silo warehouses are usually equipped with ventilation systems and sealing devices to ensure proper airflow and sealing, preventing wheat from molding or getting damp. These facilities are commonly used in agricultural and commercial sectors to meet the demand for wheat production and supply.

wheat grain silo

Characteristics of wheat grain silo

Advanced Monitoring Systems

Modern wheat grain silo are typically equipped with comprehensive monitoring systems, including high-definition cameras that can magnify the images inside the storage up to 23 times, allowing for detailed observation and management by staff.

Intelligent Management

Through real-time remote monitoring and data analysis, granaries can intelligently predict and warn of trends in grain conditions, achieving visibility and controllability of the stored grain.

Technological and Green Storage

Modern granaries use technological methods for grain storage to ensure the greenness, freshness, and nutrition of the grain. For instance, the technological storage coverage rate of China’s grain reserves has reached over 98%, with quality and suitability rates consistently above 95%.

Stable Rotation Mechanism

To ensure the freshness and quality of the grain, a stable rotation mechanism has been established, where grain nearing or reaching its storage limit is sold off each year and replaced with new grain that meets quality and food safety standards.

Diversified Types of Granaries

The country’s grain storage mainly consists of government reserves, policy-based reserves, and commercial reserves from enterprises. The granaries come in various shapes, such as tall flat warehouses, shallow round silos, and vertical silos, to cater to different storage needs and environments.

Advanced Storage Technologies

Wheat storage employs multiple technologies, including conventional storage, low-temperature storage, and controlled atmosphere storage, to ensure the safe storage and quality preservation of wheat.

Utilization of Underground Storage

Underground granaries offer the characteristics of being cool, dry, and airtight, which are beneficial for the long-term storage of grain. The temperature fluctuations in underground storage are minimal, aiding in maintaining the dryness and stability of wheat.

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Structure of wheat grain silo

Warehouse Wall

The warehouse wall constitutes the main enclosure structure of the grain warehouse, typically constructed using materials such as reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete, or steel structure to provide sufficient strength and rigidity to bear the weight of wheat and external loads. The inner side may undergo moisture-proof and mold-proof treatments, such as coating with moisture-proof paint or laying moisture-proof layers.

Warehouse Roof

The warehouse roof covers the top of the warehouse, serving to protect against rain, sunlight, and provide insulation. Made of the same material as the warehouse wall, it is designed to facilitate drainage, ventilation, and lighting needs, and may include facilities such as skylights and vents.

Warehouse Bottom

The warehouse bottom is designed to prevent moisture, insects, and facilitate the discharge of grains. It may use moisture-proof materials or have a moisture-proof layer. For large grain warehouses, the bottom may be designed with a sloping cone shape to facilitate the self-flow of grains.

Grain In-Out System

Grain Inlet: Located at the top or side of the warehouse, equipped with grain stoppers, dust covers, and other facilities to ensure that wheat does not spill or contaminate during the loading process.

Grain Outlet: Located at the bottom or side of the warehouse, equipped with gates, chutes, conveyors, and other equipment for the quick and orderly discharge of wheat from the warehouse.

Cleaning Equipment: Including vibrating screens, magnetic separators, air classifiers, etc., used for the initial cleaning of stored wheat, removing impurities and foreign objects to ensure the quality of stored wheat.

Support System

The support system includes pillars, beams, and connectors, used to support and stabilize the main structure of the silo.

Ventilation System

The ventilation system includes ventilation openings, ventilation ducts, and ventilation equipment, used to maintain air circulation inside the silo, preventing wheat from molding or deteriorating.

Sealing System

The sealing system is used to ensure the sealing performance of the silo, preventing external moisture and harmful substances from entering the silo. It typically includes doors, windows, sealing gaskets, and other components.

Unloading Equipment

Unloading equipment is used to facilitate the removal of stored wheat from the silo. This may include discharge ports, conveyors, and discharge valves, among other components.

Safety Equipment

Safety equipment is used to ensure safety during the use of the silo, such as fire prevention equipment, emergency stop devices, etc.

Additional Accessories

Additional accessories include ladders, platforms, lighting equipment, etc., used to facilitate the management and maintenance of the silo.

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Advantages of wheat grain silo


wheat grain silo provide an optimal storage environment, effectively preserving the freshness and quality of wheat and extending its shelf life.


wheat grain silo efficiently utilize space by vertically stacking, minimizing storage area and reducing storage costs.


The granary’s structural design effectively shields wheat from external environmental factors such as rain, sunlight, and pests.

Convenient management

Equipped with various grain in-out systems, ventilation equipment, and cleaning devices, wheat storage, management, and access are more convenient and efficient.


Compared to traditional outdoor storage, wheat grain silo reduce losses and waste during long-term storage, lowering costs associated with transportation, packaging, and other aspects.

Fire safety

The structural design and material selection of wheat grain silo effectively reduce the likelihood of fires and minimize losses in the event of a fire.

Environmental sustainability

wheat grain silo are constructed and operated in an environmentally friendly manner, reducing resource waste and pollution, aligning with sustainable development principles.

Application scope of wheat grain silo

Coban  Silo is widely used for grain storage such as wheat, corn, soybean, paddy, rice, soybean meal, barley, malt, sunflower seeds, rapeseed, peanuts, flour, and other powder materials, oat, special Silo, and seeds, etc.

wheat grain silo technical parameters

Scientifically speaking, the Silo capacity should be measured with volume (m3). Even in the same grain Silo, the storage tons will be different for different grains with different densities. The following table is calculated based on a  Silo density of 0.75kg/m3, and surely HKB customizes  Silo systems unique for you.

Most Popular Hopper Bottom Steel Silo Technical Specifications
Capacity 50Ton 100Ton 150Ton 200Ton 300Ton 500Ton 1000Ton 1500Ton
Model TCZK
















Diameter(m) 3.667 4.584 5.500 6.417 7.334 7.334 11.000 12.834
Total Height(m) 9.56 12.53 13.25 12.85 14.70 21.42 20.95 23.51


69 150 222 273 415 699 1346 2039
Most Popular Flat Bottom Steel Silo Technical Specifications
Capacity 1000Ton 1500Ton 2000Ton 2500Ton 3000Ton 5000Ton 8000Ton 10000Ton
Model TCK
















Diameter(m) 10.084 11.918 13.750 15.584 15.584 18.334 24.751 25.668
Total Height(m) 18.69 20.34 20.87 20.30 24.78 28.60 26.99 30.60

Density: 0.75ton/m³

1335 2009 2701 2467 4145 6693 10879 13484

After-sale Service

  • – HKB provides advanced grain safety storage technology to assure your grain silo 100% quality stability.
  • grain silo Quality guarantee is one year after installation and commissioning or 18 months after leaving China Port. Maturity is the first.
  • – 7 days x 24 hours service, within 24 hours reply/solve of any technical issues upon request.
  • – Routinely telephone track to remove all might be problems grain silo or issues guarantying the whole system grain silo long-lasting safety and reliability.
  • – HKB will consider all other needs like customs clearance, sea delivery, insurance, customs tax benefit plan, documentation, etc. So our respected Users feel so relaxed and easy to get the grain silo system well.
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