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corn silo


A corn silo is an agricultural facility specifically designed for the storage of corn. Typically constructed from materials such as metal or concrete, it features a substantial capacity and sealing properties to ensure the quality and quantity of the corn are maintained throughout the storage process.

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corn silo Introduction

A corn silo is an agricultural facility specifically designed for the storage of corn. Typically constructed from materials such as metal or concrete, it features a substantial capacity and sealing properties to ensure the quality and quantity of the corn are maintained throughout the storage process.

Designing and building a corn silo involves factors like location, climate, capacity, and ventilation, along with pest, moisture, and fire protection for safe and hygienic corn storage.

When utilizing a corn silo, regular inspections and maintenance are required to ensure its proper operation and to extend its service life. Furthermore, adherence to relevant laws, regulations, and standards is essential to guarantee the legality and compliance of corn storage.

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Corn silo structure

Corn silo, which are upright containers specifically designed for storing grains such as corn, primarily consist of six key components: the top structure, roof, walls, bottom, supporting structure, and foundation.

Top Structure

The top structure typically includes process conveying equipment passages and operation and maintenance platforms. It is advisable to use open steel structures to reduce the self-weight and wind load. In cases with special requirements, enclosed designs can also be implemented.


The roof design should preferably adopt a conical roof with upper and lower ring beams, the structural type of which should be determined based on calculations. This design helps to bear the roof load and ensure structural stability.


The wall materials can be corrugated sheets, spiral ribbed plates, or ribbed steel plates. To ensure the service life and corrosion resistance of the silo, hot-dip galvanized or alloy steel plates are commonly used.


Silo under 12m in diameter benefit from a suspended bottom with a funnel for efficient grain discharge, while larger silos (15m or over) should have a flat bottom supported by the foundation for economic and rational weight distribution.

Supporting Structure

The supporting structure refers to the lower part of the silo, which can be columns or tank walls that support the tank body and transfer the load to the foundation.

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The foundation is the bottom part of the silo structure, supporting the entire silo and transferring its load to the ground. The design of the foundation needs to consider the ground bearing capacity and structural stability.

These components together form the basic structure of the corn silo, ensuring its safety and functionality during storage. During design and construction, factors such as material load, seismic effects, and temperature changes must also be considered to ensure the long-term stability and durability of the silo.

Advantages of corn silo

Corn silo, as essential facilities for storing corn, offer a range of advantages that not only enhance storage efficiency but also ensure the quality and safety of the corn. Here are the main strengths of corn silos:

Low Initial Construction Costs

The cost-effective construction of corn silos stems from efficient space utilization, streamlined assembly, and standardized materials, ensuring stability and durability while reducing building and maintenance expenses, offering a practical and economical grain storage solution.

High Standardization

The design and construction of corn silos adhere to a high degree of standardization, which helps streamline the production process, increase construction efficiency, and ensure compatibility and consistency among different silos. Standardized silo designs facilitate rapid replication and mass production, as well as easier maintenance and upgrades. Moreover, standardized silos are more accessible for parts and technical support, reducing operating costs and enhancing overall economic benefits. In this way, corn silos provide a reliable, efficient, and economical solution for grain storage.

Simple Assembly and Short Construction Period

The design of corn silos typically focuses on simplifying the assembly process, making construction faster and more efficient. This streamlined assembly reduces the time and labor required for construction, thereby shortening the construction period. The rapid construction progress not only speeds up the silo’s commissioning but also lowers the additional costs associated with construction. Furthermore, the use of prefabricated components and modular design further simplifies the construction process, allowing corn silos to quickly adapt to different storage needs and site conditions.

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Easy Dismantling and Convenient Maintenance

Corn silo components are easily disassembled and reassembled, simplifying relocation and reducing costs. Their simple structure facilitates straightforward maintenance and repairs, while the lack of need for specialized skills keeps maintenance costs low and enhances operational flexibility.

Low Cost and Long Service Life

Corn silo, designed with multiple patented technologies and standardized production processes, achieve low construction costs. At the same time, the durable materials and robust structure used ensure a long service life for the silos.

Application scope of corn silo

Coban  Silo is widely used for grain storage such as wheatcornsoybeanpaddyricesoybean mealbarleymaltsunflower seedsrapeseedpeanutsflour, and other powder materials, oat, special Silo, and seeds, etc.

corn silo technical parameters

Scientifically speaking, the Silo capacity should be measured with volume (m3). Even in the same grain Silo, the storage tons will be different for different grains with different densities. The following table is calculated based on a  Silo density of 0.75kg/m3, and surely HKB customizes  Silo systems unique for you.

Most Popular Hopper Bottom Steel Silo Technical Specifications
Capacity 50Ton 100Ton 150Ton 200Ton 300Ton 500Ton 1000Ton 1500Ton
Model TCZK
















Diameter(m) 3.667 4.584 5.500 6.417 7.334 7.334 11.000 12.834
Total Height(m) 9.56 12.53 13.25 12.85 14.70 21.42 20.95 23.51


69 150 222 273 415 699 1346 2039
Most Popular Flat Bottom Steel Silo Technical Specifications
Capacity 1000Ton 1500Ton 2000Ton 2500Ton 3000Ton 5000Ton 8000Ton 10000Ton
Model TCK
















Diameter(m) 10.084 11.918 13.750 15.584 15.584 18.334 24.751 25.668
Total Height(m) 18.69 20.34 20.87 20.30 24.78 28.60 26.99 30.60

Density: 0.75ton/m³

1335 2009 2701 2467 4145 6693 10879 13484

After-sale Service

  • – HKB provides advanced grain safety storage technology to assure your grain silo 100% quality stability.
  • grain silo Quality guarantee is one year after installation and commissioning or 18 months after leaving China Port. Maturity is the first.
  • – 7 days x 24 hours service, within 24 hours reply/solve of any technical issues upon request.
  • – Routinely telephone track to remove all might be problems grain silo or issues guarantying the whole system grain silo long-lasting safety and reliability.
  • – HKB will consider all other needs like customs clearance, sea delivery, insurance, customs tax benefit plan, documentation, etc. So our respected Users feel so relaxed and easy to get the grain silo system well.
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